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gender identity

An individual’s emotional and psychological sense of having a gender; feeling like a man, woman, both or neither (gender nonconformity). Does not necessarily align with an individual’s sex at birth.

gender confirmation surgery (GCS)

The surgical process by which transgender people change their physical, sexual characteristics to reflect their gender identity. Gender confirmation surgery can also be known as “sexual reassignment surgery (SRS)” and can be a part of gender transition,...


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An umbrella term that refers to some people whose physical, sexual characteristics or their gender expression may not match their gender identity. Some female and male cross-dressers, drag queens or kings, female or male impersonators and intersex individuals may also identify as transgender. Use the name and personal pronouns that are consistent with how the individual lives publicly. When possible, ask which term the source prefers. Do not use “transgendered.” Offensive when used as a noun; use “transgender people,” “transgender man” or “transgender woman.” In cases where space is an issue, such as headlines, using “trans” as a shorthand adjectival form is acceptable.