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Acceptable in all references for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a medical condition that compromises the human immune system and makes the body vulnerable to infections. Always uppercase the S, which stands for syndrome. It is caused by HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus. People may be HIV-positive but not have AIDS. Do not use the term full- blown AIDS. For people who have the condition, use terms like person or people with AIDS or, if the context is medical, AIDS patients, instead of terms such as sufferer or victim, which imply powerlessness.

Updated December 2021