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The medical treatments by which transgender people change their physical characteristics to align with their gender identity through the use of hormones, surgeries or a combination of both. It can be a part of gender transition but is not necessary. Not all transgender people choose to undergo or can afford the treatments. It is also known by such terms as sex reassignment, sex realignment or gender affirmation. Avoid overemphasizing the role of surgery in the transition process, and avoid the obsolete term sex change.

Updated December 2021